Every country in society currently has laws established in their countries they must follow. If people don’t follow this rule, they face the appropriate consequences not to obey them. Some countries are run similar and others are run very differently. There are two main traditional laws which are civil and general laws. These are the two most common laws throughout the world. Civil is the most familiar between countries, especially in Europe and Asia. General law is more natural among North America. Both of them were historically established many years ago. There are some differences between the two laws but they overlap with some similarities as well.
The term civil law comes from Latin Word IUS CIVILE, law applies to all Roman citizens. It was founded in the sixteenth century. Europe is the first to adopt this law and almost all Europe teaches this at all their universities. Civil law is considered to be codified. Each civil law of civil law has its own code to determine different punishments for each legal category. Some examples of this code are procedural, substantive, and punishment. Procedural laws determine what actions are criminal acts, the substantive laws set needed for criminal or civilian prosecution, and criminal law decide the right sentence. This is the task of the judge to collect the facts of the case and distinguish the correct code that applies to this case.
The main countries that civil law is currently China, Japan, Germany, France and Spain. Each of these countries has a written constitution. One of the big differences between civil law and general law is that the state is needed to always have a written constitution. On the other hand general law does not always have it. A problem that can be debated is that civil law is not as effective because it is broken down into a different code and not just one whole. But civil law has several codes to include input into this problem helping with the final decision.
General law is similar but also very different from civil law. This law cannot be processed which means there is no compilation of rules and legal laws. This law is also known as a case or precedent law. The main difference between the two laws is that the public law has been developed based on results that have occurred in older court cases. For example, when there is a case that the parties do not agree, they refer back to the precedential decision of the relevant court and follow the reasons used by the court. This is considered more complicated than many other simplified systems because there are several different trials in the system but do not all have the same jurisdiction. Some courts have more strength than others can cause problems in this rule because not everyone has the same word.
General law was founded in the Middle Ages in the King Court. It’s in the United States today but it comes from English. It is mainly in North America but also spread among several other countries. It was adopted by countries following the American Revolution. There are many guidelines around the world during this time but general laws take dominance during the seventeenth century.